1921 Kookaburra Square Penny design type 12

1921 Kookaburra Square Penny design type 12
1921 Kookaburra Square Penny design type 12
SOLD 10/5/2023
Superb Choice Uncirculated
Private Collection Sydney
This 1921 Kookaburra Penny is engaging, its quality is stunning. So too is its price for it is being offered at less than the cost of a well circulated 1930 Penny. When you compare their rarity, the 1930 Penny with at least 1000 well circulated examples available to collectors, and this 1921 Square Penny a minuscule 35 to 40 coins, the value it represents is impressive. And if you think the reverse on this coin looks good, wait until you see the obverse. Spectacular!
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For the buyer contemplating a Square Penny purchase, three considerations should be foremost.

The first is the quality. The Square Pennies were test pieces and were not struck to the heady controls of a proof striking. As the coins were passed to the public for opinions and comments, many have been mishandled.

Our comments are as follows. This coin is superb for quality. Even our photographer (of fifteen years) commented on its obvious quality traits. Whereas most type 12 square pennies are found today harshly toned and visually somewhat challenging, this kookaburra penny is fabulous.

The second consideration is the design type. It is true that the style of the kookaburra and the style of lettering is critical to assessing the rarity of the coin.

Our comments are as follows. It is statement of fact that all Square Pennies are rare, but some designs are far rarer than others. But with that rarity comes a higher price tag. Which is why the type 12 is so popular. it is still exceedingly rare with about 35 to 40 known but is priced below a well circulated 1930 Penny.

The third consideration is the price. Given its quality assignation of Choice Uncirculated and its rarity, the 1921 Type 12 Square Penny is priced to market at $30,000.

Our comments are as follows: In our view, this 1921 Square Penny is the perfect starting point for the buyer keen to acquire a Kookaburra Penny. Optimum quality, extreme rarity and at a price that is attractive.

That currency reflects the mood of a nation – and the agenda of a Government - is never more evident than with the Square Penny and Halfpenny series and its mooted introduction in 1919.

The proposed change was pure politics. With some saying it was the rumblings of a republican movement way ahead of its time, the Labor Government wanting to break away from the traditional British designs of Australia’s then copper penny and halfpenny.

A wave of nationalism was sweeping the country post World War I and the Government saw advantage in tapping into the mood of the nation and introducing a uniquely Australian style into our currency by depicting a laughing kookaburra on our coinage.

Tests commenced at the Melbourne Mint in 1919 and continued until 1921 with the test pieces ultimately passed to dignitaries and Government officials to assess their reaction.

The extreme scarcity of choice quality Square Pennies is connected to the fact that the coins were test pieces and were not struck to the exacting standards of proof coining.


Given to dignitaries to assess their reaction, there was no packaging and we know that not every dignitary was a collector and would have handled them with care.

Some of the coins must have been tucked into a fob pocket for they have circulated. Others could have rattled around a top desk drawer. Or passed around to colleagues … introducing multi possibilities of mishandling.

Public reaction to the introduction of the square coinage was poor. There was widespread public resistance to change, while the elderly rejected the small size of the coins. However, the final decision not to proceed seems to have been based mainly on another consideration – the large number of vending machines then in operation requiring a circular coin.

The kookaburra coins never went into production and Australia lost a great opportunity to go its own way. But with only the 200 prototypes to show as evidence of the Government’s grand scheme, Australian coinage gained another wonderful coin rarity.

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PO Box 1060 Hawksburn Victoria Australia 3142

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