1813 Dump struck with the Type A/1 dies

1813 Dump struck with the Type A/1 dies
1813 Dump struck with the Type A/1 dies
Nearly Extremely Fine
Private Collection WA
This 1813 Dump is a 'great' coin. At 'Nearly Extremely Fine' it rests in the top five per cent of surviving examples. Now, there is one aspect to a 'great' coin that clearly separates it from one that is well circulated and that is ‘great’ coins will always look good to the naked eye. You won’t require an eye glass to appreciate its outstanding qualities, you can just place it in your hand and take it all in. • The highly detailed design. • A beautifully centred crown. • Proof-like highly reflective fields. • A strong, three-dimensional 'H’ for Henshall, (the mark left by the nation’s first mint master guaranteeing his fame). • Extensive and clear undertype (the evidence of the original Spanish Dollar design.) • Intact edge milling (the minting authority's ploy to prevent clipping of slivers of silver from the edges). • And the dot above the ‘3’ in the date 1813. A coin of this calibre is a chance opportunity and is genuinely hard to find. We expand on our introductory comments and include technical shots confirming that this is a fabulous coin.
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Note the dot above the '3' in 1813. Beautifully centred crown  with smooth, highly reflective fields.


Extensive and clear undertype of the central design area of the Spanish eight reales showing the rook in the castle and the bars in the shield.

This is an extremely rare, high quality 1813 Dump.

1. Superior quality, in the top eight per cent

The 1813 Dump circulated widely in the colony, the extreme wear on most Dumps evidence of its extensive use. The average quality Dump is graded at Fine to Good Fine, with this coin at least six grades higher at Nearly Extremely Fine.

We rate it in the top five per cent of surviving examples. The coin has obviously been cherished for it has been brilliantly preserved with beautiful pale charcoal toning and highly reflective fields.

2. A coin to enjoy and show around

Struck with the A/1 dies, the crown is classically well-centred. The design details are chunky, strongly three-dimensional ... and by this we are referring to the crown with its fleur-de-lis and pearls, the legend New South Wales, the date 1813 and on the reverse, the value Fifteen Pence.

3. Henshall's claim to fame - the elusive 'H'

William Henshall declared his involvement in the creation of the Dump by inserting an 'H' into some (but not all) of the dies used during its striking. Its presence is highly prized whenever it is appears.

This Dump clearly shows the ‘H’ for Henshall between the 'FIFTEEN' and the 'PENCE' on the reverse.

4. Oblique milling

Notice the oblique milling around the edge. It is fully evident. (The edge milling was used as deterrent against clipping whereby the unscrupulous shaved off slivers of silver, reducing the silver content of the Dump. And making a small profit on the side.)

5. The 'dot' above the '3'

This Dump shows a 'dot' above the '3' in the date '1813'. This is almost certainly due to a pit in the die and only occurs in those coins struck with the type A/1 dies. And even then it is identified in very few type A/1 examples.

6. Evidence of the original Spanish Dollar design, an aspect that really counts

While the Holey Dollar clearly shows that it is one coin struck from another, in a less obvious way so too can the Dump. The design detail of the original Spanish Dollar from which this Dump was created is evident on the reverse. We refer to it as the under-type and it is not always present. Its existence re-affirms the origins of the Dump and is highly prized.

The under-type is particularly strong on this 1813 Dump, a backdrop to the words 'FIFTEEN PENCE'.

Governor Lachlan Macquarie enlisted the services of emancipated convict, William Henshall, to cut a hole in 40,000 Spanish Silver Dollars, creating two coins out of one.

The Dump, the small disc that fell out of the centre of the holed silver dollar, was then over stamped with the date 1813, a crown, New South Wales and the value of fifteen pence.

The buyer that pursues a top-quality Dump will find the task extremely challenging. It can be years before a premium quality example comes onto the market.

The Dump circulated widely in the colony, the extreme wear on most Dumps evidence that they saw considerable use.

So, while the Dump may seem the diminutive partner of the Holey Dollar, the reality is "top quality" Dumps have authority.

So let's define the words "top quality" and establish the levels that are rarely seen.

Every circulated coin has a grading level at which serious rarity kicks in. That is the point at which the balance between acquiring a coin as a collectible - and as an investment - shifts more towards the latter. For the 1813 Colonial Dump that point is Good Very Fine.

The chart below clearly shows that securing a Colonial Dump in a quality level of Good Very Fine or better is a difficult task. We would sight a Nearly Extremely Fine on the open market perhaps once every three or four years.

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PO Box 1060 Hawksburn Victoria Australia 3142

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